How do you choose a corn hybrid to produce on a farm?
What to Consider When Choosing Corn Hybrids
- Seek advice. Talk to your neighbors, seed company representatives and ag retailers. …
- Trial data. Look for hybrid trial and performance data over multiple years. …
- Plant multiple hybrids. …
- Seed genetics. …
- Resistance management. …
- Seed treatments. …
- Maturity ratings. …
What is the problem with hybrid corn?
The inbred lines of corn, which are necessary to make F1 hybrids, were not very strong or vigorous. They had low yield because they do not make much seed. They were also susceptible to pests. The biggest problem, however, was that inbred corn plants could be outcompeted by weeds.
How many years of testing does hybrid corn go through?
The 10 to 12 years required to develop a good hybrid might, then, be roughly apportioned as follows: 3 to 4 years inbreed ing and selection, 1 year top- cross testing, 1 year to produce single-crossed seed, 2 years of single-cross testing, 1 year to produce double-cross seed and 2 or more years of double-cross testing.
How do you pick corn seeds?
It is very important to choose seed that is suited to your climate and soil, and for a desired maturation time. If you are growing corn for silage, choose a longer maturation time than if you want grain, since silage is harvested at an earlier stage of maturation.
How is GPS used in corn production?
GPS allows farmers to accurately navigate to specific locations in the field, year after year, to collect soil samples or monitor crop conditions. Crop advisors use rugged data collection devices with GPS for accurate positioning to map pest, insect, and weed infestations in the field.
What does corn relative maturity mean?
Relative maturity ratings apply to corn adapted or selected for a specific region that is planted ‘on time’. Studies indicate that late planted corn matures in fewer calendar days than early planted corn of the same hybrid.
What are the benefits of hybrid corn?
Hybrid seeds have some advantages: they are easier and faster to grow, they adapt better to stress, and they produce plants with larger fruit, higher yields, disease resistance, and longer shelf life than heirlooms.
Why hybrid seeds are bad?
The problem with hybrid seeds is that they cannot be used for reproduction. If you take seed from a plant grown from a hybrid, chances are the seed will be sterile. If you are lucky enough to get one to grow, it will not produce the same hybrid as the parent plant. … Nature has created many varieties of the same plant.
Why is my corn not full?
There’s actually a really good reason you’re missing kernels… it means those kernels never got pollinated. … Corn is primarily pollinated by the wind. As the wind blows from all directions, pollen from the tassel falls down below and lands on the silks of the corn husks.
What does hybrid corn mean?
noun. a crossbred corn, especially the grain of corn developed by hybridization of repeatedly self-pollinated, and therefore genetically pure, varieties. a plant grown from the grain of this corn.